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Lewis Wind Power Application / Barvas Moor


In 2004 Lewis Wind Power, a partnership between AMEC and British Energy applied to build a 234 turbine, 702MW windfarm stretching accross the three most northerly Lewis estates, Galson Estate, Barvas Estate and Stornoway Trust Estate.  The majority of the proposed windfarm infrastructure fell within the boundaries of the 'Lewis Peatlands' Special Protection Area, and RAMSAR site, one of the largest and most intact known areas of peatland in the world.  

2004 Archive

Moran Gaoith
This leaflet was produced by a group of concerned people in Bragar in May 2004, before the formation of MWT. It was written in order to provide information for the people of north Lewis, and distributed in the Bragar to Ness area

The Case Against Turning Lewis Into a Wind Power Station
Is toigh leam gach beann, gach gleann, gach tulach is òs,
Gach sruthan is allt gu mall tha siubhal gu lòn,
Is toigh leam am feur ‘s gach geug a chinneas air blàr
An eilean mo ghaoil; is caomh leam eilean mo ghràidh.
Domhnull Chràisgean, Bard Bharabhais

Who Are We?
We are ordinary local people

We are a group of Westside residents, all of us born and brought up here. We are not normally campaigners, but prefer a quiet life. However, the scale and industrial nature of the massive windfarm development proposed for North Lewis, and the fact that we love our local moorland and the whole of our native island, has galvanised us into action.

We do not claim to be experts on windfarms, although we have now done a huge amount of reading on the subject! Please feel free to question and investigate for yourself any of the facts in this leaflet, but please also remember to do the same for any information you get from the developers, or from the politicians backing them.

Who Is Behind This Proposal?
Big business, politicians and landowners.

1) Amec and British Energy (partners in a new company, Lewis Windpower.) “Amec is a multinational construction company that, despite producing a sustainability report and policies, continues to be involved in a series of controversial and destructive projects that threaten its reputation. The company is subject to campaigns at local, national and international levels, because of its activities in the UK, North America, South America and Africa.” Taken from Friends of the Earth, Amec Counter Report, 2002. British Energy’s vision statement taken from their own website is “to be the world’s leading nuclear energy company”.

2) Politicians. The government is attempting to meet its Kyoto energy saving targets, and appears to see wind power stations as a major way of achieving that aim.

Brian Wilson MP, who, according to John Price of Amec, first invited the company to Lewis to look at the Arnish yard. Mr Wilson has had many contacts with Amec over the years, in his previous position as Minister for Industry, Energy and Construction, and in his present job as the UK special representative on trade and reconstruction in Iraq. Mr Wilson is also the founder of the West Highland Free Press.

Calum Macdonald MP and Alasdair Morrison MSP have made clear that they are fully behind the proposals to turn huge areas of the Lewis moorland, close to villages, into industrial windfarms run by outside companies.

Convenor Alex Macdonald, Vice Convenor Angus Campbell, and other councillors (especially Labour councillors) on Comhairle nan Eilean Siar. Up until the recent public meeting on the Amec proposal in Bragar, our council representatives had managed to keep very quiet about what is potentially the biggest change to the environment of Lewis since the peatlands were formed. “Surely it is the role of our councillors, MP and MSP, whom we elected, to represent the views of the community and not their own views.” – quote from Charlie Stewart, Bragar meeting, 13th April.

3) The landlords. Stornoway Trust, Barvas Estate and Galson Estate have already signed legally binding Heads of Agreement with Amec/British Energy. Although the turbines will be on village common grazings and peat cutting areas, shareholders were not asked for their consent.

What Is Being Proposed?
The industrialisation of our landscape.

This will be Europe’s largest windfarm. It will stretch from Ness in the north, follow the moor side of the road all the way down to Barvas, then take over both sides of the road across the Barvas moor. Just before Newmarket it will curve off between that village and the Barvas hills, and south to the Pentland road. If you turn off at Barvas, the same windfarm will be before you all the way to Bragar.
Numbers vary for the Amec/British Energy proposal from 240 to 300 turbines. Although it is generally stated that these turbines will produce 600 MW of power, Amec’s website allocates 600 – 900 MW to Lewis. British Energy’s ‘Scottish Update’, Dec 2001, states that:
“The Lewis Project is 600 MW of onshore wind in its first phase… “ (our italics).
The turbines will be about 135m high, to the top of the blade. We understand a 100 m diameter circle will be resumed at the base of each turbine. The developers state the roads will be 5m wide, but once drainage, borrow-pits, and peat banking are included, the affected area may be up to 16m wide. Approximately 140 km of road will be needed for the Amec scheme alone.

There are two further windfarms planned for Pairc and Eisgean, believed to involve around 250 turbines of similar size. The transformation of the Lewis landscape will extend from Ness down to Orasaigh and past Airidh a’ Bhruaich.

Overhead cabling, probably in the form of pylons, will be required to connect the sites to the planned interconnector at Arnish. The power will then be carried down to electricity markets in Southern Scotland and England.

Once planning applications are granted, it is relatively easy to add and extend after that.

Money, Jobs And Tourism
Pounds for outside concerns, pennies for islanders.

Amec and British Energy are here because they expect to make massive amounts of money out of their massive turbines – Amec themselves have stated some £96m per annum.

Although we don’t know the final figures, Calum Macdonald MP (article, West Highland Free Press, 30 April) states that £6m per annum will be paid to the community. John Price of AMEC has put the figure at £3-6m. This money will be split four ways (not equally). The landlords and crofters will get an amount per megawatt, to be shared 50/50. This seems good for the landlords, especially those who do not stay within the development location, and so will not have to live with it on a daily basis. We believe the crofters’ 50 percent will go to Grazings Committees. If it is then shared out, any money individual crofters get (probably less than £2000 per annum) would, of course, be taxable. An amount per MW will also go to community councils in the affected areas, with the fourth share going to a Western Isles wide fund set up by Comhairle nan Eilean Siar.

Different answers have been given as to how many jobs these large-scale windfarms will provide. We believe that more jobs could be created if communities owned and ran their own small renewable energy schemes (as is being investigated in North Harris). The profits from these community schemes could then be ploughed back into the local economy to create jobs and prosperity. Jobs at the Arnish yard are not guaranteed, and if the jobs do come, how long will they last?

25 percent of tourists would avoid areas with wind developments

Tourism is worth about £40m a year to the Western Isles. VisitScotland have published a 190-page report, Investigation into the Potential Impact of Wind Turbines on Tourism in Scotland. Four out of five of the visitors interviewed said they came to Scotland for the beautiful scenery and almost all said they valued the chance to see unspoilt nature. More than half agreed that wind-power sites spoiled the look of the countryside, saying that one of their main attractions is the fact that they are few and far between. Over a quarter said they would avoid parts of the countryside with wind developments.
The £3-6m or so being left in the Western Isles by the Amec development may be substantially less than revenue lost from tourism, and will not go to the many businesses that will be adversely affected.

Affect On Peoples Lives
Visual intrusion
Disorientating constant movement

The visual intrusion will be so enormous it is hard to imagine. It will be almost impossible not to see turbines in Lewis. The constant movement will involuntarily draw the eye to them. Even at night we might have no escape from them:
“German residents whose nights are blighted by flashing red lights mounted on the turbine blades to alert aircraft complain about the so-called ‘disco effect’.” The Telegraph, 5 April 2004.

Developers and planners use the terms Zone of Theoretical Visibility (ZTV) or Zone of Visual Influence (ZVI) to assess the visual impact of turbines. The ZTV for 120m turbines is up to 35 km, and SNH recognise that they may still be visible at even greater distances. (See SNH Report no FO1AA303A)

Destruction of moorland, loss of grazings and peat cutting areas
The areas of moorland nearest to the villages affected by this development will be destroyed and lost forever.

Landscape of international importance
“The blanket bog of the Lewis moor is acknowledged as equivalent to the African Serengeti or Brazil’s tropical rainforest. The moor therefore carries European designations of Special Protection Area and Special Area of Conservation, and is also recognised under the UN Ramsar Convention.” (Taken from RSPB leaflet, ‘Lewis and windfarms’.)

“It will further seek to sustain and enhance the quality of the unique landscapes, natural environment and biodiversity of the Western Isles…” (See Western Isles Structure Plan, Comhairle nan Eilean Siar)

Intrusive background noise is reported from areas which already have turbines. Health problems have been reported with low frequency noise, but these have not yet been fully researched.

Loss of TV reception
The MOD and CAA do not want wind turbines near airports, because they interfere with their equipment. Wind turbines also interfere with TV reception, and people may have to get satellite dishes to receive a clear signal.

Could be devastated.
Unusually large numbers of some of our scarcer breeding birds are found on the moor. Together with the rare plants and mammals found there, it makes the moor a very important place. The construction of a large-scale windfarm would mean the permanent loss of plants and other wildlife – there’s also the risk of disturbance and collision – which combined could have a devastating effect on the area’s wildlife. (Taken from RSPB leaflet ‘Lewis and windfarms’).

Councillors and Calum Macdonald MP have stated that they want these large-scale wind developments in order to “arrest and reverse the downward spiral of depopulation” (Calum Macdonald, West Highland Free Press, 30.4.04). However, it remains unclear how hosting the world’s largest windfarm for a multinational company will do this. The amount of money the Council will get from it will not make a major difference to their budgets, and short-term construction jobs will have no long term impact on our economy.
And contrary to the Council’s stance, there is evidence that the island’s housing market is more buoyant than it has ever been. Houses in rural Lewis, even those in poor condition, sell readily and at good prices. At least one school in North Lewis has increased its roll, due to families coming into the area.
How much longer will buyers queue up to purchase houses when they know the island will be blighted by massive windfarms? And how long will it be before families begin moving out, going elsewhere to find the peace and beautiful environment which drew (or kept) them here in the first place?

Are Large Scale Wind Developments By Multinationals And Private Companies Our Only Alternative?
Let’s look at options which will benefit us more, and blight us less.
“…a community-owned windfarm of just two turbines would produce more revenue for the local community than the £350,000 per annum that the developer (on Eisgean Estate) is promising from 125 turbines.” From article on windfarms by Calum Macdonald MP, on www.calummacdonald.co.uk).
Information from our MP from West Highland Free Press (30.4.04) – a 250 MW community owned Western Isles windfarm would bring the Comhairle £30m per annum.
We are not against wind power, but we are against the large scale developments being proposed at present. We believe that, if local communities want them, small numbers of turbines could be sensitively placed - well away from people’s homes and with regard to wildlife - and that such developments could be of great benefit.

What Can We Do?
Have your say

Lewis Windpower’s (Amec/British Energy) planning application will be considered by the Scottish Executive, not by Comhairle nan Eilean Siar although they will be consulted. People should write directly to The Secretary, Development Department, Planning Division, Area 2/H, Victoria Quay, Edinburgh, EH6 6QQ, stating their objections and why. They should refer to the Executive’s own policy documents on Natural Heritage (NPPG 14) and also Renewable Energy (NPPG 6) stating that Amec’s proposals violate these policies. Also ask for a Public Inquiry because of the size of the proposed development. Copies of letters of objection should be sent to our MP and MSP and to the press. Individually written letters are better than many people sending copies of the same letter.
Members of MWT are looking through Lewis Wind Power's Environmental Statement, which runs to several volumes. As we gather information from the Environmental Statement, we shall post it here, in order to allow people to read some of it for themselves.

A full copy of the Environmental Statement is available at www.lewiswind.com.

6807_160817_0.pngRSPB Scotland Briefing Lewis Wind Farm Proposal by Amec and British Energy We need your help urgently
An application has been submitted for an industrial wind farm on the Lewis Peatlands SPA. We believe the proposal will have a damaging impact on a huge number of important bird populations including golden eagle, black-throated diver, red-throated diver, dunlin, merlin and greenshank. This is a site of International importance, will you write an objection to the Scottish Executive to help us save it?

The RSPB’s Position on Wind Power and Other Renewables
The RSPB views climate change as the most serious long-term threat to wildlife in the UK and globally. We therefore support the increased use of wind power, as long as wind farms are sited, designed and managed so they do not significantly harm birds or their habitats.

The Development Proposal
The proposal by Amec and British Energy is for a 234 turbine, 702MW wind farm on the Isle of Lewis in the Western Isles of Scotland. The turbines will be 140m high to the tip of the blade and be supported by a large concrete foundation. The application also includes 167km of roads, nine electrical substations, a control building, nine wind monitoring masts, 210 pylons supporting a network of overhead lines, five rock quarries, eight temporary compounds and four concrete batching plants. All this will take roughly three years to build.

Impacts On Birds
The Lewis Peatlands Special Protection Area (SPA) was classified under the European Council Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds (79/409/EEC); the site encompasses an area of 58,984.23 hectares. The qualifying species are:

· Red-throated diver 80 pairs (9% British)
· Black-throated diver 13 pairs (8% British)
· Golden eagle 5 pairs (1% British)
· Merlin 20 pairs (1% British)
· Golden plover 1800 pairs (8% British)
· Dunlin 3400 pairs (37% British)
· Greenshank 140 pairs (10% British)

Of all the British SPAs, this has the largest population of golden plover at the highest densities; it also has the largest population of dunlin. It is also almost certainly the ‘best’ site in Europe in terms of golden plover and dunlin.

The developers have attempted to define ‘critical’ areas within the SPA by identifying those areas most frequently used by red-throated divers, black-throat divers, golden eagle and merlin – it is not possible to do so for golden plover and dunlin because they occur in such high densities across the entire survey area.

The Environmental Statement (ES) produced by the developer states that the 50 golden eagles and 16 red-throated divers are at risk of colliding with the development throughout its 25-year lifetime. The ES also concludes that 352 golden plover territories and 314 dunlin territories could be displaced during the operation of the wind farm, hundreds more will be affected during construction. Merlin, greenshank, whooper swans, greylag geese and corncrakes may also be affected by displacement, disturbance or collision.

Impacts On The Peatland
Peat bogs act as an effective mechanism for fixing and storing carbon or ‘carbon sinks’. The bulk of carbon associated with peat bogs is stored in the organic soil (peat). Construction on peat bogs can cause erosion of the peat and a release of stored carbon. Recent data suggests that wind farms developed on peat have a 1-3 year payback time in terms of carbon loss (assuming wind farms are displacing the overall grid mix of electricity generation). If the development were to result in the complete degradation of the peatland then this payback period could be between 20-30 years.

The ES concludes that 577hectares of SPA habitat will be lost or disturbed including 152ha of active blanket bog, a priority habitat under the EC Habitats Directive.

The Process
Because this development will affect a European site, the Scottish Executive are required to consider a series of legal tests as set down in Article 6 of the EC Directive on The Conservation of Natural Habitats and Wild Fauna and Flora (EC Directive 92/43/EEC – The Habitats Directive) before consent can be issued. From our analysis above it is clear that we believe the proposal will have a significant and adverse effect on the integrity of the site (Test 1). If the Executive agree, they must then consider whether there are any alternative solutions to this proposal – including other locations or technologies (Test 2). They must also consider whether there are ‘imperative reasons of overriding public interest’ which justify allowing such a development (Test 3).

We believe that there are many alternatives to this proposal, which would contribute to both the economy of the Western Isles and to Executive renewables targets, without damaging an internationally important site.

An International Context
The success of this application would set a damaging precedent for all internationally important sites. We need to make the Scottish Executive aware that this application is subject to the widest possible scrutiny.

Further information and the Environmental Statement are available on the developers website:

Please Act Now - We need your help.

Please read this briefing or have a look at the ES on the web and send an objection to the Scottish Executive before the 13 December, 2004.

Objections received after this date may still be considered at the discretion of the Executive.

Please send your objections to:

Lesley Thomson, The Scottish Executive, Consents and Emergency Planning Unit, 2nd Floor, Meridian Court, 5 Cadogan Street, Glasgow G2 6AT. Email: lesley.thomson@scotland.gsi.gov.uk


Spread over 40kM on Lewis Peatlands
Galson Estate Ltd, Barvas Estate Ltd &Stornoway Trust
Lewis Windpower (AMEC/British Energy)
240 @ 3MW
Installed Capacity
~ 700 MW
Total Height
~140 m
Rotor Diameter
100 m
Application imminent

THIS SITE FALLS almost entirely on the Lewis Peatlands, commonly referred to as Barvas Moor, one of the largest and most intact areas of blanket bog in the world.

As such, it has attracted multiple, overlying international designations as a RAMSAR (Wetlands of International Importance), a Special Protection Area (SPA – the Birds Directive), a Special Area of Conservation (SAC – the Habitats Directive) and an Important Bird Area (IBA – the Berne Convention). There are also SSSIs within the area.

The latest picture we have is a proposal for 240 turbines on an area stretching over some 40km. At 140 metres total height, they would be amongst the largest onshore turbines in the world. It is estimated that turbines of this size will be clearly visible for over 30 miles.

The development will require anything up to 200 kM of access tracks on the moor with a typical land-take width of around 15 metres (including cuttings, drainage, cabling etc.) After construction, the visible road surface is reduced to around five metres.

There are serious concerns about the effect all this will have on the hydrology of the peat. AMEC has indicated that it plans to use ‘floating roads’ to minimise their impact.

But SNH has cautioned that ‘some may be optimistic in terms of the load bearing capacity of “floating infrastructure”, which may subsequently require deeper foundations with consequent wider impacts on bog hydrology and carbon loss.’ [In other words, the techniquedoesn’t work, a fact experienced peat cutters on the island stress with a mixture of horror and contempt – Editor.]

Other essential infrastructure includes hard standing for crane access to turbines, nine substations and overhead cabling running between them – probably a 38-metre pylon line running the length of the development.

Construction will require on-site quarries for access tracks and turbine foundations and a claimed 62,400 m3 of concrete for turbine foundations. There would be concrete batching plants and a temporary compound including portable cabins, loading bays and parking facilities.

AMEC has conceded that portions of public roads will be used during the construction phase, which is estimated to last for four years. Temporary traffic control measures may be needed, most likely on the main Barvas-Stornoway road and the southern approach to Stornoway (the Lochs Road between Arnish and Marybank).

Around 150 people would be employed in construction and, once operational, it is claimed that there could be 20-25 jobs in maintenance. This figure has been challenged.


PEATLANDS ...It is accepted that peatlands are extremely sensitive to disturbance and difficult, if not impossible, to restore when damaged.

Active peatlands act as both carbon sink and store and have an important role in regulating climate change. Wetlands, including bogs, store over three times as much carbon for a given area as tropical rainforest. When peatlands are disturbed, CO2 is returned to atmosphere. The ecological value of peatland is recognised internationally and there is strong guidance towards preserving and restoring bogs.

The SAC designation of the central portion of the moor (to protect the blanket bog) reflects its international importance. Developments are only allowed in such areas for reasons of ‘human health or public safety… beneficial consequences of primary importance for the environment … or other imperative reasons of overriding public interest’. This will have persuaded AMEC not even to attempt development within the SAC boundaries.

But the RAMSAR boundary follows that of the larger SPA, emphasising that the wetland habitat is not confined to the SAC. Indeed peatland is widespread across lowland Lewis. Major quarrying operations, construction of a massive infrastructure and the drainage that this will require will have a devastating effect on the habitat and its occupants.

BIRDS ... The importance of Lewis for birds cannot be overstated. Significant numbers of protected, rare and ‘common’ birds are found across the whole island but in most instances only those areas with the very highest bird densities have been designated as SPAs. (Some other areas have been identified as IBAs, a slightly lesser designation.)

There is acute concern about the impact the proposal will have on the SPA. The RSPB has already indicated that it will vigorously oppose the development. Despite a relative paucity of research, it is now recognised that some species are particularly sensitive to wind power developments (disturbance, displacement, barriers to movement, blade-strike and habitat loss)

The EU’s Berne Convention identifies the following amongst Lewis Peatlands’ qualifying species as at risk from turbines: Golden Eagle, Golden Plover and divers. Other sensitive species present in significant numbers include gannets, shags, herons, geese, swans and White-tailed Sea Eagle.

The Executive’s own scoping opinion highlighted the need for study into impact risk for Greylag Goose, Great Skua, Arctic Skua, Whooper Swan, Red Grouse, and Corncrake.

There has been as yet no statutory recognition of the importance of Lewis for a wide range of birds migrating between the Artic and Western Europe.
Lewis Wind Power will have to demonstrate ‘… reasons of over-riding public interest, including those of a social or economic nature …’ and there must be an ‘absence of alternative solutions’ (The Birds and Habitats Directives, 6.4) to gain consent.

It may be that payments to landlords and crofters whose grazings will be affected and ‘community benefit payments’ yet to be negotiated may be included in this appraisal.

AMEC has said at public meetings that they are discussing an island-wide benefit fund with the council. Maintenance employment will also be considered. But these factors will have to be balanced against the potential damage to existing local business and community amenity.

That said, there seems little grasp amongst politicians of the importance of designations. Communities concerned about proximity and impact of the site were told that the scheme has been pushed towards villages in order to protect birds. This is not true.

Calum Macdonald (Labour MP for the Western Isles) expressed a preference for locating the site in the middle of the moor, adding that ‘It’s either disturb people or disturb birds – and never under-estimate the importance of birds!’.1 Philistinism of this order is hard to counter. AMEC has already proposed locating the turbines in an area heavily designated to protect rare birds.


1 The Hebridean, 3 September 2004
2 Although no turbines will be sited within the SAC, current layouts show turbines immediately adjacent to its boundary.

Barvas Moor Designation notes

Annex I species – populations of European Importance:
Black throated Diver – 6.9% of breeding UK population,
Golden Eagle – 1.5% of UK breeding population,
Golden Plover – 8.8% of UK breeding population,
Merlin – 1.5% of UK breeding population,
Red- throated Diver – 6.4% of UK breeding population.

Migratory species – populations of European Importance:
Dunlin – 33.2% of breeding Baltic/UK/Ireland
population, Greenshank – 0.3% of Europe/Western
Africa population.
The Lewis Peatlands are one of the largest and most intact areas of blanket bog in the world, supporting a number of rare species of wetland birds including nationally important populations of the Divers Gavia stellata and G. arctica, the plover Pluvalis apricaria and the Greenshank Tringa nebularia. During the breeding season the site regularly supports 31 per cent of the Baltic/UK Ireland population of dunlin Calidris alpina schinzii.

Red-throated diver, Black-throated diver, Golden Eagle, Merlin, Eurasian Golden Plover, Dunlin.

Annex I habitats including Oligotrophic to mesotrophic standing waters, Natural dystrophic lakes and ponds, Blanket bogs, Northern Atlantic wet heaths, Depressions on peat substrates.

Annex II species including Otter


AMEC Application Notes

3 Batching Plants in Compounds 50m by 60m + 12 “Alternative Batching Plants”.
9 Substations (Scale too small to read). See Plan.
1 Control Building (No dimensions or scale). See Plan.
Wind Vane and Anemometer 90m Tall (Number not specified).
210 Pylons 26.9m. tall (88 feet).
61,320 Heavy Vehicle Movements (Max 316 per day) on Barvas to Stornoway road “ from rock source”.
8 Site Compounds 50m. by 50m. (164 ft by 164 ft).
12 “Rock sources identified”. “6 as preferred sites”.

Environmental Statement

• Table 23.2 Para 25 The roads, in principle, can take standard European 40 Tonne vehicles, however the capacity is not clear. In certain locations the road could fail as it is built on peat. CnES are happy for LWP to use the public roads, provided that any damage is repaired and the roads are in as good state at the end of the project as they were at the start, or better.
• Para 35 Large turbine parts need 10 large lorries twice a week to transport.
• Para 39 Above would be 4 lorries for towers, 3 for blades, 2 for nacelle and 1 miscellaneous
• Table 7.2 Hardstandings needed for each tower –158 Type A 76 Type B plus “shunting area” This is in addition to tower foundations – I could not find any dimensions.

Further Quotes from AMEC Application

Appendices 1A – 11D

7.18.1 Nacelle Weight including hub and nose cone – 85,000 kg (= or – 3,000kg)

Broadbay Local Plan
“ The Comhairle will support and encourage proposals for renewable energy projects where there:
• Is no significant detrimental effect on the statutory designated sites
• Is no significant unacceptable impact on visual amenity
• Noise production is within acceptable limits
• Are no harmful impacts on ecosystems: and
• Complete restoration is carried out after operates (sic) cease, to the satisfaction of the planning authority”

14. EN 4 Statutory Designated Areas
“Development proposals affecting sites statutorily designated for the quality of their natural environment will not normally be permitted unless it can be shown that the proposal will not have any significant detrimental effect on the nature, appearance and character of the designated area”

29 Policy E33 New Quarry Operations
“Planning consent for new quarry operations on sites not identified for the production of crushed rock will not be permitted until such time as it can be proven that there is a demonstrable need within the plan area”

Environmental Statement – Chapters 1 – 11

2.6.1. Foundations
11 Each wind turbine will require a reinforced concrete foundation comprising a base slab lying on rock or competent substrata with a central upstand to support the tower. The base slab will be approximately 22m. by 22m., 1 to 2 metres thick, buried up to 3m. below the ground surface.

2.6.2 Roads
13 A total of 167 km of site roads will be constructed…………

6.4.3 Batching Plants
71 A total of 16 potential sites suitable for batching plants were identified. 4 sites have been taken forward as final batching plants for this application. The remaining 12 sites will be considered as “back-up” sites in case it is infeasible to operate one of the main sites, due to low water levels.

68 Construction of site roads, hardstanding, bridges, foundations and compounds will require approximately 4,000,000 cubic metres of rock……….. Housing
119 There is a potential impact from the proposed wind farm on the price of houses that are located within close proximity to the development as a result of the potential loss of amenity and other environmental effects. Tourism and Recreation
132 Negative Effects
The potential discouragement of tourists who are attracted by the seclusion, wildness and natural habitats that currently characterise large parts of the Isle of Lewis.
Increased inconvenience due to the reduction in the availability of accommodation and the availability of air and sea services during the construction period due to the increased level of demand…

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